The apple tree, scientifically named Malus domestica, is grown in most parts of the world and can be said to be found all over the world. The fruit of the apple (which we sometimes call the apple tree) has many varieties, its wild type is small and its rearing is large. In the export Iranian apple fruit there is also a wild type of this tree in the northern forests. The apple fruit is sour and sweet but generally sweet and meaty.
The tree originated in Central Asia, which, after thousands of years of cultivation, spread to Asia and then to Europe and was later brought to Europe by American immigrants. Apples have religious and mythological significance in some cultures and religions, including in Scandinavian, Greek and ancient European Christian culture, and apples are one of the main sects of the Seven Sins among Iranians.
The best producers in export Iranian apple fruit are West Azarbaijan, East Azarbaijan, Tehran, Fars, Isfahan, Khorasan Razavi, Hamadan and Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari provinces.
Temperature and storage conditions of apple tree
In the export of Iranian apple fruit it should be noted that apples will reach room temperature quickly. So if you plan to eat it in the next day or two, you can keep apples in the room. Otherwise, keep the apple in a plastic bag or envelope in a refrigerator. Because apple juice emits a lot of ethylene gas, keeping it along with other vegetables and fruits can shorten their lifespan. For this reason, apples should be kept separate from other fruits and vegetables.
The best storage and storage temperature depends on the type and type of apple, but for all types of apples this temperature is in the range of 1- to + 4 ° C
Good apple export specifications
In the export of Iranian apple fruit, the apple must have a smooth, clear and translucent skin, and must be firm and blotchy. Keep in mind that an apple that is heavier than its size will have a higher quality. Apple fragrance is also one of the important parameters in determining the quality of apples that of course requires a variety of varieties. Another important parameter in determining the quality of apples is the right timing. The higher the number of apples without a tail in the package, the slower the apples display, which can reduce apple storage time.
Classification of apple fruit (supra-negative / non-bias)
Apple tree and overall export Iranian apple fruit The apple is a climacteric fruit. Upstream or climacteric fruits after harvesting and harvesting from the native tree or bush have the ability to continue the ripening process, so they do not need to be left on the tree or bush to complete the life span. Due to the upward-sloping fruit of the apple tree, it is usually harvested at stages where it is fully grown but not yet fully mature to withstand transport and storage conditions. The ethylene production of apple tree is very high at the time of ripening and its sensitivity to ethylene gas is high.
Iran’s position in apple export
According to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) statistics, China has taken the lead in producing almost half of the world’s apple trees. The United States and Poland, as the second and third major producers of this product, have established themselves in the global apple market. Iran also holds the fourth position in the export Iranian apple fruit, which is usually changed in different years due to climate change.
The main properties of apple fruit
Apple is a fruit rich in vitamins A, B, C and K, which has been found to be useful in the treatment or prevention of many diseases, as in many cultures you have an apple a day and take your doctor away. do. Main Properties Export of Iranian Apple Fruit:
- Maintain freshness and vitality of the skin and prevent dryness of the skin
- Adjust your blood pressure and lower your blood pressure
- Improves the health of teeth and gums and eliminates bad breath
- Prevention of gout and joint pain
Apples are one of the few foods completely cholesterol-free and help lower blood cholesterol levels.
Apple lowers blood sugar.
Consuming apples helps digestion.
Apple Prevents Cancer
Iranian apple fruit
Apples are big part of the Iranian agricultural products. there millions of tons of different varieties of apples produced in Iran every year. A lot of companies are also export Iranian apple fruit to many of the neighboring and Middle Easter countries, since they are very popular.
Iran is among the top apple producing countries of the world with the annual production of 3.7 million tons of fresh apple. Iranian apple fruit grown in different regions of the country with different climates and conditions. Most of the apples produced in Iran are of the internationally popular cultivars like the Red and Golden Delicious and Fuji.
Iranian apple types
There are a wide variety of Iranian apple fruit out there, that achieved both through natural and scientific breeding, and grown on commercial scales in the Iranian apple farms. Fuji, Granny Smiths, and Red and Golden Delicious the most famous internationally beloved apple cultivars in Iran. These apples are all different in shapes and colors and sometimes even taste. But regardless of these differences, all apples widely known to high in fiber and low in calories. These benefits make apples a great choice for someone trying to eat healthy and lose some weight. There even some local apple cultivars, which only found in Iran.
Persian yellow apple
Most of the Iranian yellow apples are of the extremely popular Golden Delicious cultivar. These apples, account for around a million ton of the total 3.7-million-ton Iranian apple fruit production. Almost they are also among the top 4 favorite apple in the world, and one of the most traded varieties as well.
Regullary generally large sized apples with a very sweet taste to the flesh. It should also be said They also have a very delicate skin and can easily get bruises or cuts during shipping. So they require special care in the process. This variety is a favorite for salads, fresh consumption, and pastry like apple pies.
Red delicious apple fruit
These apples known everywhere for their beautiful, deep red and thick skin and packed with a lot of nutrients. There certain compounds found in these apples. that play a big role in human health and prevent a lot of diseases. Studies show that Red Delicious apples are higher in these compounds like polyphenolic. They account for around 1.2 million tons of the total 3.7-million-ton Iranian apple fruit production. Also pack a lot of nutrients in their skin, and healthcare professionals suggest eating them whole. It must be said they are also among the most common cultivars in the world.
Exports of apple from Iran
Iranian apple fruit exported to more than 23 countries of the world every year. Most of these apples sent to Middle Eastern and Neighboring countries. Also the biggest importers are Russia, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates and other countries of the region. the amounts of exports from twest Asian countries like Turkey and Iran. Also have increased in the past couple of years.
This is because of the increased production and the higher demands of the foreign markets. The apple markets is very competitive in these regions. And all countries are trying to offer the best quality with the lowest prices.
The price of apples in the market
There are several factors for the price of apples. These factors could affect the retail prices of the Iranian apple fruit in the foreign markets all over the world. Also since apples grown in both the Northern and the Southern Hemisphere. They have different prices in different times of the year. Even though, the vast majority of the apples harvested and traded fresh in summer and autumn. Iranian apples mostly sent to the markets in the month of autumn.
The market prices depend on many factors like the apple types and the shipping costs. So exporting apples to neighboring countries seems more profitable, because of the lower shipping costs. Iranian apple fruit are very popular in many of the foreign markets and are always in high demands.